Electronic library of Ukrainian Literature Ukrainian Studies

Electronic Library of Ukrainian Literature

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The Electronic Library presents texts in HTML and in PDF formats.

In HTML format, texts are presented, for the most part, UTF-8 (Unicode).

The coding of individual files is embedded in the files themselves. Your browser will recognize the encoding automatically and display the text correctly. The following conditions will interfere with the correct display of such texts:

  • You are using an old version of your browser. Update to a newer version.
  • Your browser is set to display all pages in a specific code rather than automatically reading the code from the web page..


PDF format allows readers to view and print texts as they would appear in a printed book. To view PDF format files, you need the Adobe Acrobat Reader, a programme distributed for free at the Adobe Web site (http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/).

I recommend newer versions of the programme. Earlier versions cannot read all PDF files.

If you have further questions, please write to Maxim Tarnawsky.