Dr. Andrew W. Howard's Publications:

1.         Howard AW, Aaron S: Low molecular weight heparin decreases proximal and distal deep venous thrombosis following total knee arthroplasty.  Thrombosis and Haemostasis 1998: 79(5): pp 902-906.  PA
2.         Howard AW, Wright J, Hedden D: A comparative study of TLSO, Charleston, and Milwaukee braces for idiopathic scoliosis.  Spine 1998: 23(22): pp 2404-2411.  PA
3.         Howard AW, Viskontas D, Sabbagh C: Reduction in osteomyelitis and septic arthritis related to haemophilus influenzae type B vaccination.  Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics 1999: 19: pp 705-709.  PA
4.         Howard AW: Children, automobile restraints and injuries.  Paediatrics and Child Health 2000: 5: pp 24-30.  PA
5.         Howard AW, Letts RM: Cervical spondylolysis in children:  Is it posttraumatic? Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 2000: 20: pp 677-681.  PA
6.         Tabrizi P, McIntyre W, Quesnel MB, Howard AW: Limited dorsiflexion predisposes to injuries of the ankle in children.  Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (British) 2000: 82 B: pp 1103-1105.  SRI
7.         Thompson AH, Howard AW, Jin M: A social problem index for Canada.  Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 2001: 46: pp 45-51.  C
8.         Richards DP, Clark P, Howard AW: Multiple Spinal Fractures in an Adolescent Snowboarder.  Journal of Trauma 2001: 50:4: pp 730-2.  SRI
9.         Richards P, Howard AW: Distal Clavicle Fracture Mimicking Type IV Acromioclavicular Joint in Injury in the Skeletally Immature Athlete.  Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine 2001: 11: pp 57-59.  SRI
10.       Thomas DP, Howard, AW, Cole WG, Hedden DM: Three Weeks of Kirschner Wire Fixation for Displaced Lateral Condylar Fractures of the Humerus in Children.  Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 2001: 21: pp 565-569.  CPA
11.       Lapner PC, McKay M, Howard AW, Gardner B, German A, Letts M: Children in crashes:  mechanisms of injury and restraint systems.  Canadian Journal of Surgery 2001: 44:6: pp 445-449.  C
12.       Yen D, Kuriachan V, Yach J, Howard AW: Long term outcome of anterior decompression and spinal fixation using the Wellesley Wedge for thoracic and lumbar spinal metastasis.  Journal of Neurosurgery:  Spine 2002: 96: pp 6-9.  C
13.       Hill AB, Garber B, Dervin G, Howard AW: Heparin prophylaxis for deep venous thrombosis in a patient with multiple injuries:  an evidence-based approach to a clinical problem.  Canadian Journal of Surgery 2002: 45: pp 282-287.  C
14.       Le Saux N, Howard AW Barrowman NJ, Gaboury I, Sampson M, Moher D: Shorter courses of parenteral antibiotic therapy do not appear to influence response rates for children with acute hematogenous osteomyelitis:  a systematic review.  BMC Infectious Diseases 2002: 2:16.  CPA
15.       Howard AW: Automobile restraints for children:  a review for clinicians.  Canadian Medical Association Journal 2002: 167(7): pp 769-73.  SRI
16.       Howard AW, Moses McKeag A, Rothman L, Comeau JL, Monk B, German A: Ejections of Young Children in Motor Vehicle Crashes.  Journal of Trauma 2003: 55: pp 126-129.  PA
17.       Macpherson A, Rothman L, Moses McKeag A, Howard AW: Mechanism of Injury Affects Six Month Functional Outcome in Children Hospitalized Because of Severe Injuries.  Journal of Trauma 2003: 55: pp 454-458.  SRI
18.       Beveridge M, Howard AW, Burton K, Holder W: The Ptolemy Project:  A scalable model for delivering health information in Africa.  BMJ 2003: 327: pp 790-793.  PA
19.       Emam A, Sennah K, Howard AW, Hale I: Influence of Crash Severity and Contact Surfaces Characteristics on the Dynamic Behavior of Forward Facing Child Occupants.  International Journal of Crashworthiness 2003: 8: pp 6.  SRI
20.       Rothenstein J, Howard AW, Parkin P, Khambalia A, Macarthur A: Community Paediatricians' Counseling Patterns and Knowledge of
            Recommendations relating to Child Restraint Use in Motor Vehicles.  Injury Prevention 2004: 10: pp 103-106.  C
21.       Howard AW, MacArthur C, Snowdon, A: Removing barriers to booster seat use in Canada.  Paediatrics & Child Health 2004: 9: pp 309-311.  PA
22.       Howard AW, Rothman L, Moses McKeag A, Pazmino-Canizares J, Monk B, Comeau JL, Mills D, Blazeski S, Hale I, German A: Children in side impact motor vehicle crashes: seating position and injury mechanism.  Journal of Trauma 2004: 6(6): pp 1276-85.  PA
23.       Turchi, R.; Altenhof, W.; Kapoor, T.; Howard, A: An investigation into the head and neck injury potential of three-year-old children in forward and rearward facing child safety seats.".  International Journal of Crashworthiness 2004: 9: pp 419-431.  CPA
24.       Beveridge, M; Howard, AW: The burden of orthopaedic disease in developing countries.  Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (American) 2004: 86-A(8): pp 1819-22.  CPA
25.       Howard AW, Emam, A; Sennah, K;  Chapman, M: A study of injury parameters for rearward and forward facing 3-year-old child dummy using numerical simulation.  International Journal of Crashworthiness 2005: 10: pp 211-222.  SRI
26.       Howard AW, Rothman L, Macarthur C, Macpherson A: The effect of safer play equipment on playground injury rates among school children.  Canadian Medical Association Journal 2005: 172: pp 1443-1446.  PA
27.       Howard, A.W.; Kapoor, T.; Altenhof, W.; Emam, A.;: A Comparison of the Head and Neck Injury Parameters on a TNO P3 and a Three-year-old Hybrid III Child Dummies From Numerical Simulation.  SAE Transactions 2005: pp 1303.  SRI
28.       Kapoor, T.; Altenhof, W.;  Howard, A: The effect of using universal anchorages in child restraint seats on the injury potential for children in frontal crash.  International Journal of Crashworthiness 2005: 10: pp 305-314.  SRI
29.       Howard, A.; Burton, K; Beveridge, M;: Relevance of Electronic Health Information to Doctors in the Developing World: Results of the Ptolemy Project's Internet-based Health Information Study (IBHIS).  World Journal of Surgery 2005: Volume 29: pp 1194-1198.  SRI
30.       Smart, R.; Cannon, E.; Howard, A.W.; Frise, P.; Mann, R.;: Can we design cars to prevent road rage? International Journal of Vehicle Information and Communication Systems 2005: 1: pp 44-55.  C
31.       Howard AW, Moses McKeag A, Rothman L, Mills D, Blazeski S, Chapman M, Hale I: Cervical Spine Injuries in Children Restrained in Forward Facing Child Restraints.  Journal of Trauma 2005: 59: pp 1504-1506.  PA
32.       Pattison, G; Fiissel, D; Howard, AW;: Severity of playground fractures:  play equipment versus standing height falls.  Injury Prevention 2005: 11: pp 337-339.  SRI
33.       Macpherson, A.; Rothman, L.; Howard, AW;: Body Checking Rules and Childhood Injuries in Ice Hockey.  Pediatrics 2006: 117: pp 143-147.  SRI
34.       Kapoor T., Altenhof W., Wang Q., Howard A: Injury potential of a three-year-old Hybrid III dummy in forward and
            rearward facing positions under CMVSS 208 testing conditions.  Accident Analysis and Prevention 2006.  SRI
35.       Crawford, M., Howard, A.W.,  Hickey, C., Zaarour, C., Naser, B.,: Development of  acute Opioid tolerance during infusion of Remifentanil for pediatric scoliosis surgery.  Anesthesia and Analgesia 2006: 102: pp 1213.  C
36.       Derbew, M.; Beveridge, M.; Howard, A.; Byrne, N: Building Surgical Research Capacity in Africa:  The Ptolemy Project.  PLos Medicine 2006: 3: pp e305.  C
37.       Howard, A.W., Rothman, L., Beben, N., Fiissel, D., Macarthur, C: Evaluation of Safe Kids Week 2004: Age 4 to 9? Its Booster Seat Time!.  Injury Prevention 2006: 12: pp 316-319.  PA
38.       Smith, PL, Donaldson, S, Hedden, D, Alman, B, Howard, A, Stephens, D, Wright, JG: Parents' and patients' perceptions of postoperative appearance in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.  Spine 2006: 31: pp 2367-70.  CPA
39.       Howard, A.W: Injury in Childhood-A Vexingly Simple Problem.  Canadian Medical Association Journal 2006: 175 (8): pp 867-883.  PA
40.       Braun S., Hedden D., Howard A: Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome Following Spinal Deformity Correction.  Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 2006: 88: pp 2252-2257.  SRI
41.       Boutis, K.; Howard, A.W.;Seeto, B.; Yoo, S.; Zaki, S: Minimally Angulated Pediatric Wrist Fractures: Is Casting Without Manipulation Enough? Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine 2007: 9 (1): pp 9-15.  C
42.       S. Donaldson, D. Hedden, D. Stephens, B. Alman, A. Howard, U. Narayanan, J. G. Wright: Surgeon Reliability in Rating Physical Deformity in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.  Spine 2007: 32 (3): pp 363-367.  C
43.       Wang, Q; Kapoor, T; Tot, M; Altenhof, W; A. Howard: Child restraint seat design considerations to mitigate injuries to three-year-old children in side impact crashes.  International Journal of Crash Worthiness 2007: 12 (6): pp 629-644.  CPA
44.       S. Donaldson, D. Stephens, A. Howard, B. Alman, U. Narayanan, J. Wright: Surgical Decision Making in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.  Spine 2007: 32: pp 1526-1532.  CPA

45.       N. Wattie; S. Cobley; A. Macpherson;  A.W. Howard; W. J. Montelpare; J. Baker: Injuries in Canadian Youth Ice Hockey: The Influence of Relative Age.  Pediatrics 2007: 120: pp 142-148.  CPA
46.       Ramseier, L. E.;   Bhaskar, A.R.;  Cole, W.G.; Howard, A.W: Treatment of open femur fractures in children: Comparison between external fixator and intramedullary nailing.  Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 2007: 27(7): pp 748-750.  CPA
47.       Howard, A.; Donaldson, S.; Hedden, D.; Stephens, D.; Alman, B.; J. Wright: Improvement in Quality of Life Following Surgery for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.  Spine 2007: 15;32(24): pp 2715-2718.  CPA
48.       Wright, JW,  Donaldson, S., Howard, AW, Stephen, D., Alman, B., Hedden, D: Are Surgeons' Preferences for Instrumentation Related to Patient Outcomes? A Randomized Clinical Trial of Two Implants for Idiopathic Scoliosis.  Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 2007: 89 (12): pp 2684-93.  C
49.       Kapoor, T., Altenhof, W., Tot, M., Zhang, W.,  Howard, AW, Rasico, J., Zhu, F., Mizuno, K: Load limiting behavior in CRS tether anchors as a method to mitigate head and neck injuries sustained by children in frontal crash.  Traffic Injury Prevention 2008: 9 (3): pp 243-55.  C
50.       MT Nakitto M Mutto A Howard R Lett: Pedestrian traffic injuries among school children in Kawempe, Uganda.  African Health Sciences 2008: 8 (3): pp 156-159.  CPA
51.       Kapoor, T., Altenhof, W., Howard, W., Rasico, J., Zhu, F: Methods to mitigate injury to toddlers in near-side impact crashes.  Accidental Analysis and Prevention 2008: 40 (6): pp 1880-1892.  C
52.       Noordin, S., Wright, J.G., Howard, AW: Global access to literature on trauma.  Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 2008: 466 (10): pp 2418-21.  SRI
53.       Noordin, S., Wright, J.G., Howard, AW: Global relevance of literature on trauma.  Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 2008: 466 (10): pp 2422-7.  SRI
54.       Parkin, P., Howard, AW: Advances in the prevention of children's injuries: an examination of four common outdoor activities.  Current Opinion in Pediatrics 2008: 20 (6): pp 719-723.  CPA
55.       B. Morrongiello, A. Howard, L. Rothman, M.Sandomierski: Once bitten twice shy? Medically-attended injuries can sensitize parents to children's risk of injury on playgrounds.  Injury Prevention 2009: 15: pp 50-54.  C
56.       Warsh, J; Macpherson, A.; Howard, AW: A systematic review of the association between body checking and injury in youth ice hockey.  Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine 2009: 19 (2): pp 134-144.  C


Accepted for Publication:

  1. Howard AW, Moses McKeag A, Rothman L, Millis D, Blazeski S, Chapman M, Hale I. Cervical spine injuries in children restrained in forward facing child restraints. Journal of Trauma.
  2. Pattison G, Fiissel D, Howard AW. Severity of playground fractures: play equipment versus standing height falls. Injury Prevention.
  3. Macpherson A, Howard AW. Body checking rules and childhood injuries in ice hockey. Pediatrics.

Dr. Andrew Howard
Room S - 107
Hospital for Sick Children
555 University Avenue
Toronto Ontario M5G 1X8 CANADA
Fax: +1-(416)-813-6414



© 2005 Office of International Surgery